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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
conventional short form: New Caledonia
local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances
local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie
Gevernment typeNA
Capital name: Noumea
geographic coordinates: 22 16 S, 166 27 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthe flag of France is used
CurrencyComptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF)
Internet country code.nc
Ports and terminalsNoumea
Agriculture productsvegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products; fish
Industriesnickel mining and smelting
Geography
LocationOceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Coordinates21 30 S, 165 30 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 19,060 sq km
land: 18,575 sq km
water: 485 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline2,254 km
Climatetropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Terraincoastal plains with interior mountains
Natural resourcesnickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Natural hazardscyclones, most frequent from November to March
People
Population219,246 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
LanguagesFrench (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

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