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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Niger
conventional short form: Niger
local long form: Republique du Niger
local short form: Niger
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Niamey
geographic coordinates: 13 31 N, 2 07 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green with a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of India, which has a blue spoked wheel centered in the white band
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States (BCEAO)
Internet country code.ne
Ports and terminalsnone
Agriculture productscowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Industriesuranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, southeast of Algeria
Coordinates16 00 N, 8 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 1.267 million sq km
land: 1,266,700 sq km
water: 300 sq km
Boundaries total: 5,697 km
border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatedesert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
Terrainpredominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north
Natural resourcesuranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum
Natural hazardsrecurring droughts
People
Population12,525,094 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsHausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
ReligionsMuslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christian
LanguagesFrench (official), Hausa, Djerma

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