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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
conventional short form: Vanuatu
local long form: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
local short form: Vanuatu
former: New Hebrides
Gevernment typeparliamentary republic
Capital name: Port-Vila (on Efate)
geographic coordinates: 17 44 S, 168 19 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow
Currencyvatu (VUV)
Internet country code.vu
Ports and terminalsForari, Port-Vila, Santo (Espiritu Santo)
Agriculture productscopra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish
Industriesfood and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Geography
LocationOceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Coordinates16 00 S, 167 00 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 12,200 sq km
land: 12,200 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited
Boundaries0 km
Coastline2,528 km
Climatetropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
Terrainmostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Natural resourcesmanganese, hardwood forests, fish
Natural hazardstropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 November 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis
People
Population208,869 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsNi-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)
ReligionsPresbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)
Languageslocal languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)

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