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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria
conventional short form: Nigeria
Gevernment typefederal republic
Capital name: Abuja
geographic coordinates: 9 12 N, 7 11 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green
Currencynaira (NGN)
Internet country code.ng
Ports and terminalsBonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos, Port Harcourt
Agriculture productscocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
Industriescrude oil, coal, tin, columbite; palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Coordinates10 00 N, 8 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 923,768 sq km
land: 910,768 sq km
water: 13,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,047 km
border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km
Coastline853 km
Climatevaries; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
Terrainsouthern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north
Natural resourcesnatural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; flooding
People
Population131,859,731
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsNigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
ReligionsMuslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani

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