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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of the Netherlands
conventional short form: Netherlands
local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
local short form: Nederland
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy
Capital name: Amsterdam
geographic coordinates: 52 23 N, 4 54 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
note: The Hague (seat of government)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; one of the oldest flags in constant use, originating with WILLIAM I, Prince of Orange, in the latter half of the 16th century
Currencyeuro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
Internet country code.nl
Ports and terminalsAmsterdam, Groningen, IJmuiden, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Vlissingen, Zaanstad
Agriculture productsgrains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Industriesagroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Geography
LocationWestern Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Coordinates52 30 N, 5 45 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 41,526 sq km
land: 33,883 sq km
water: 7,643 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,027 km
border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km
Coastline451 km
Climatetemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Terrainmostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Natural resourcesnatural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Natural hazardsflooding
People
Population16,491,461 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsDutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese, and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 31%, Dutch Reformed 13%, Calvinist 7%, Muslim 5.5%, other 2.5%, none 41% (2002)
LanguagesDutch (official), Frisian (official)

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