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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: New Zealand
abbreviation: NZ
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Wellington
geographic coordinates: 41 28 S, 174 51 E
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in October; ends third Sunday in March
note: New Zealand is divided into two time zones, including Chatham Island
Flag descriptionblue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant with four red five-pointed stars edged in white centered in the outer half of the flag; the stars represent the Southern Cross constellation
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar (NZD)
Internet country code.nz
Ports and terminalsAuckland, Lyttelton, Tauranga, Wellington, Whangarei
Agriculture productswheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and mutton, dairy products; fish
Industriesfood processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
Geography
LocationOceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia
Coordinates41 00 S, 174 00 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 268,680 sq km
land: 268,021 sq km
water: NA
note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands
Boundaries0 km
Coastline15,134 km
Climatetemperate with sharp regional contrasts
Terrainpredominately mountainous with some large coastal plains
Natural resourcesnatural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
Natural hazardsearthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity
People
Population4,076,140 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsEuropean 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% (2001 census)
ReligionsAnglican 14.9%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, Presbyterian 10.9%, Methodist 2.9%, Pentecostal 1.7%, Baptist 1.3%, other Christian 9.4%, other 3.3%, unspecified 17.2%, none 26% (2001 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Maori (official), Sign Language (official)

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