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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Portuguese Republic
conventional short form: Portugal
local long form: Republica Portuguesa
local short form: Portugal
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Lisbon
geographic coordinates: 38 43 N, 9 08 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptiontwo vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) with the Portuguese coat of arms centered on the dividing line
Currencyeuro (EUR)
note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
Internet country code.pt
Ports and terminalsLeixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines
Agriculture productsgrain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish
Industriestextiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Geography
LocationSouthwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
Coordinates39 30 N, 8 00 W
ContinentEurope
Area total: 92,391 sq km
land: 91,951 sq km
water: 440 sq km
note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands
Boundaries total: 1,214 km
border countries: Spain 1,214 km
Coastline1,793 km
Climatemaritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Terrainmountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south
Natural resourcesfish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Natural hazardsAzores subject to severe earthquakes
People
Population10,605,870 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupshomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
ReligionsRoman Catholic 94%, Protestant (1995)
LanguagesPortuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)

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