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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: State of Qatar
conventional short form: Qatar
local long form: Dawlat Qatar
local short form: Qatar
note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Gevernment typetraditional emirate
Capital name: Doha
geographic coordinates: 25 17 N, 51 32 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionmaroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side
CurrencyQatari rial (QAR)
Internet country code.qa
Ports and terminalsDoha
Agriculture productsfruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Industriescrude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Geography
LocationMiddle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Coordinates25 30 N, 51 15 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 11,437 sq km
land: 11,437 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 60 km
border countries: Saudi Arabia 60 km
Coastline563 km
Climatearid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Terrainmostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, fish
Natural hazardshaze, dust storms, sandstorms common
People
Population885,359 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
ReligionsMuslim 95%
LanguagesArabic (official), English commonly used as a second language

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