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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of the Marshall Islands
conventional short form: Marshall Islands
local long form: Republic of the Marshall Islands
local short form: Marshall Islands
abbreviation: RMI
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Marshall Islands District
Gevernment typeconstitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
Capital name: Majuro
geographic coordinates: 7 05 N, 171 08 E
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionblue with two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; there is a white star with four large rays and 20 small rays on the hoist side above the two stripes
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country code.mh
Ports and terminalsMajuro
Agriculture productscoconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens
Industriescopra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls
Geography
LocationOceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Coordinates9 00 N, 168 00 E
ContinentOceania
Area total: 11,854.3 sq km
land: 181.3 sq km
water: 11,673 sq km (note - lagoon waters)
note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
Boundaries0 km
Coastline370.4 km
Climatetropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
Terrainlow coral limestone and sand islands
Natural resourcescoconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Natural hazardsinfrequent typhoons
People
Population60,422 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMicronesian
ReligionsProtestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5% (1999 census)
LanguagesMarshallese 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
note: English widely spoken as a second language; both Marshallese and English are official languages

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