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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Romania
local long form: none
local short form: Romania
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Bucharest
geographic coordinates: 44 26 N, 26 06 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the national coat of arms that used to be centered in the yellow band has been removed; now similar to the flag of Chad, also resembles the flags of Andorra and Moldova
Currencyleu (ROL) is being phased out in 2006; "new" leu (RON) was introduced in 2005 due to currency revaluation: 10,000 ROL = 1 RON
Internet country code.ro
Ports and terminalsBraila, Constanta, Galati, Tulcea
Agriculture productswheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep
Industriestextiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Coordinates46 00 N, 25 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 237,500 sq km
land: 230,340 sq km
water: 7,160 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,508 km
border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km
Coastline225 km
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Terraincentral Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
Natural resourcespetroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Natural hazardsearthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides
People
Population22,303,552 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)
ReligionsEastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)
LanguagesRomanian (official), Hungarian, German

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