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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of the Philippines
conventional short form: Philippines
local long form: Republika ng Pilipinas
local short form: Pilipinas
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Manila
geographic coordinates: 14 35 N, 121 00 E
time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of blue (top; representing peace and justice) and red (representing courage); a white equilateral triangle based on the hoist side represents equality; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing one of the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain; each corner of the triangle contains a small, yellow, five-pointed star representing the three major geographical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897; in wartime the flag is flown upside down with the red band at the top
CurrencyPhilippine peso (PHP)
Internet country code.ph
Ports and terminalsCagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Iligan, Iloilo, Manila, Surigao
Agriculture productssugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish
Industrieselectronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
Coordinates13 00 N, 122 00 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 300,000 sq km
land: 298,170 sq km
water: 1,830 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline36,289 km
Climatetropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
Terrainmostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Natural resourcestimber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
Natural hazardsastride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
People
Population89,468,677 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsTagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 80.9%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
Languagestwo official languages - Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English; eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan

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