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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Rwanda
conventional short form: Rwanda
local long form: Republika y'u Rwanda
local short form: Rwanda
former: Ruanda, German East Africa
Gevernment typerepublic; presidential, multiparty system
Capital name: Kigali
geographic coordinates: 1 57 S, 30 04 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal bands of sky blue (top, double width), yellow, and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band
CurrencyRwandan franc (RWF)
Internet country code.rw
Ports and terminalsCyangugu, Gisenyi, Kibuye
Agriculture productscoffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes; livestock
Industriescement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes
Geography
LocationCentral Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates2 00 S, 30 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 26,338 sq km
land: 24,948 sq km
water: 1,390 sq km
Boundaries total: 893 km
border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Terrainmostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east
Natural resourcesgold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo
People
Population8,648,248
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsHutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001)
LanguagesKinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

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