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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Helena
Gevernment typeNA
Capital name: Jamestown
geographic coordinates: 15 56 S, 5 44 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionblue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield features a rocky coastline and three-masted sailing ship
CurrencySaint Helenian pound (SHP)
Internet country code.sh; note - the IANA has assigned .ac as the ccTLD for Ascension Island
Ports and terminals Saint Helena: Jamestown
Ascension Island: Georgetown
Tristan da Cunha: Calshot Harbor
Agriculture productscoffee, corn, potatoes, vegetables; timber; fish, lobster (on Tristan da Cunha)
Industriesconstruction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, philatelic sales
Geography
Locationislands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 700 nm northwest of Saint Helena; Tristan da Cunha lies 2300 nm southwest of Saint Helena
Coordinates Saint Helena: 15 57 S, 5 42 W
Ascension Island: 7 57 S, 14 22 W
Tristan da Cunha island group: 37 15 S, 12 30 W
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 413 sq km
land: Saint Helena Island 122 sq km; Ascension Island 90 sq km; Tristan da Cunha island group 201 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline Saint Helena: 60 km
Ascension Island: NA
Tristan da Cunha: 40 km
Climate Saint Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds
Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild, semi-arid
Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)
Terrainthe islands of this group result from volcanic activity associated with the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge
Saint Helena: rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains
Ascension: surface covered by lava flows and cinder cones of 44 dormant volcanoes; ground rises to the east
Tristan da Cunha: sheer cliffs line the coastline of the nearly circular island; the flanks of the central volcanic peak are deeply dissected; narrow coastal plain lies between The Peak and the coastal cliffs
Natural resourcesfish, lobster
Natural hazardsactive volcanism on Tristan da Cunha, last eruption in 1961
People
Population7,502
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
ReligionsAnglican (majority), Baptist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic
LanguagesEnglish

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