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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of the Sudan
conventional short form: Sudan
local long form: Jumhuriyat as-Sudan
local short form: As-Sudan
former: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Gevernment typeGovernment of National Unity (GNU) - the National Congress Party (NCP) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) formed a power-sharing government under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); the NCP, which came to power by military coup in 1989, is the majority partner; the agreement stipulates national elections for the 2008 - 2009 timeframe.
Capital name: Khartoum
geographic coordinates: 15 36 N, 32 32 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side
CurrencySudanese dinar (SDD)
Internet country code.sd
Ports and terminalsPort Sudan
Agriculture productscotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock
Industriesoil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Geography
LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
Coordinates15 00 N, 30 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 2,505,810 sq km
land: 2.376 million sq km
water: 129,810 sq km
Boundaries total: 7,687 km
border countries: Central African Republic 1,165 km, Chad 1,360 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 628 km, Egypt 1,273 km, Eritrea 605 km, Ethiopia 1,606 km, Kenya 232 km, Libya 383 km, Uganda 435 km
Coastline853 km
Climatetropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Terraingenerally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north
Natural resourcespetroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower
Natural hazardsdust storms and periodic persistent droughts
People
Population41,236,378 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
ReligionsSunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)
LanguagesArabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
note: program of "Arabization" in process

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