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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Sweden
conventional short form: Sweden
local long form: Konungariket Sverige
local short form: Sverige
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy
Capital name: Stockholm
geographic coordinates: 59 20 N, 18 03 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionblue with a golden yellow cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
Internet country code.se
Ports and terminalsGoteborg, Helsingborg, Karlshamn, Lulea, Malmo, Oxelosund, Stenungsund, Stockholm, Trelleborg
Agriculture productsbarley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk
Industriesiron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Geography
LocationNorthern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway
Coordinates62 00 N, 15 00 E
ContinentEurope
Area total: 449,964 sq km
land: 410,934 sq km
water: 39,030 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,233 km
border countries: Finland 614 km, Norway 1,619 km
Coastline3,218 km
Climatetemperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north
Terrainmostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west
Natural resourcesiron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower
Natural hazardsice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime traffic
People
Population9,016,596 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsindigenous population: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
ReligionsLutheran 87%, Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist
LanguagesSwedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities

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