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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Tajikistan
conventional short form: Tajikistan
local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston
local short form: Tojikiston
former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Dushanbe
geographic coordinates: 38 35 N, 68 48 E
time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located in the center of the white stripe
Currencysomoni
Internet country code.tj
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productscotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Industriesaluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Geography
LocationCentral Asia, west of China
Coordinates39 00 N, 71 00 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 143,100 sq km
land: 142,700 sq km
water: 400 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,651 km
border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatemidlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
TerrainPamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest
Natural resourceshydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Natural hazardsearthquakes and floods
People
Population7,320,815 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsTajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
ReligionsSunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
LanguagesTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

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