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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Tonga
conventional short form: Tonga
local long form: Pule'anga Tonga
local short form: Tonga
former: Friendly Islands
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy
Capital name: Nuku'alofa
geographic coordinates: 21 08 S, 175 12 W
time difference: UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred with a bold red cross on a white rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner
Currencypa'anga (TOP)
Internet country code.to
Ports and terminalsNuku'alofa
Agriculture productssquash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish
Industriestourism, fishing
Geography
LocationOceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Coordinates20 00 S, 175 00 W
ContinentOceania
Area total: 748 sq km
land: 718 sq km
water: 30 sq km
Boundaries0 km
Coastline419 km
Climatetropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)
Terrainmost islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base
Natural resourcesfish, fertile soil
Natural hazardscyclones (October to April); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou
People
Population114,689 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsPolynesian, Europeans
ReligionsChristian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)
LanguagesTongan, English

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