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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Togolese Republic
conventional short form: Togo
local long form: Republique togolaise
local short form: none
former: French Togoland
Gevernment typerepublic under transition to multiparty democratic rule
Capital name: Lome
geographic coordinates: 6 08 N, 1 13 E
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionfive equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Internet country code.tg
Ports and terminalsKpeme, Lome
Agriculture productscoffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock; fish
Industriesphosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana
Coordinates8 00 N, 1 10 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 56,785 sq km
land: 54,385 sq km
water: 2,400 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,647 km
border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km
Coastline56 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Terraingently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes
Natural resourcesphosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
Natural hazardshot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts
People
Population5,548,702
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Religionsindigenous beliefs 51%, Christian 29%, Muslim 20%
LanguagesFrench (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

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