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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
conventional short form: East Timor
local long form: Republika Demokratika Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum]; Republica Democratica de Timor-Leste [Portuguese]
local short form: Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum]; Timor-Leste [Portuguese]
former: Portuguese Timor
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Dili
geographic coordinates: 8 35 S, 125 36 E
time difference: UTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred, with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a slightly longer yellow arrowhead that extends to the center of the flag; there is a white star in the center of the black triangle
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country code.tl; note - ICANN approved the change from .tp in January 2005
Ports and terminalsDili
Agriculture productscoffee, rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla
Industriesprinting, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - East Timor includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco
Coordinates8 50 S, 125 55 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 15,007 sq km
land: NA sq km
water: NA sq km
Boundaries total: 228 km
border countries: Indonesia 228 km
Coastline706 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
Terrainmountainous
Natural resourcesgold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Natural hazardsfloods and landslides are common; earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones
People
Population1,062,777
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
ReligionsRoman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005)
LanguagesTetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English
note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people

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