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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Taiwan
local long form: none
local short form: T'ai-wan
former: Formosa
Gevernment typemultiparty democracy
Capital name: Taipei
geographic coordinates: 25 03 N, 121 30 E
time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays
Currencynew Taiwan dollar (TWD)
Internet country code.tw
Ports and terminalsChi-lung (Keelung), Hua-lien, Kao-hsiung, Su-ao, T'ai-chung
Agriculture productsrice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk; fish
Industrieselectronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals
Geography
LocationEastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
Coordinates23 30 N, 121 00 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 35,980 sq km
land: 32,260 sq km
water: 3,720 sq km
note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy
Boundaries0 km
Coastline1,566.3 km
Climatetropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year
Terraineastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west
Natural resourcessmall deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
Natural hazardsearthquakes and typhoons
People
Population23,036,087 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
Religionsmixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
LanguagesMandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

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