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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Uganda
conventional short form: Uganda
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Kampala
geographic coordinates: 0 19 N, 32 25 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionsix equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing the hoist side
CurrencyUgandan shilling (UGX)
Internet country code.ug
Ports and terminalsEntebbe, Jinja, Port Bell
Agriculture productscoffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry
Industriessugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
Geography
LocationEastern Africa, west of Kenya
Coordinates1 00 N, 32 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 236,040 sq km
land: 199,710 sq km
water: 36,330 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,698 km
border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
Terrainmostly plateau with rim of mountains
Natural resourcescopper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land
Natural hazardsNA
People
Population28,195,754
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBaganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
LanguagesEnglish (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

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