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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Burkina Faso
local long form: none
local short form: Burkina Faso
former: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta
Gevernment typeparliamentary republic
Capital name: Ouagadougou
geographic coordinates: 12 22 N, 1 31 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiontwo equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
CurrencyCommunaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Internet country code.bf
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productscotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Industriescotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Geography
LocationWestern Africa, north of Ghana
Coordinates13 00 N, 2 00 W
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 274,200 sq km
land: 273,800 sq km
water: 400 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,193 km
border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatetropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrainmostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Natural resourcesmanganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt
Natural hazardsrecurring droughts
People
Population13,902,972
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
ReligionsMuslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
LanguagesFrench (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population

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