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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistan
conventional short form: Uzbekistan
local long form: Ozbekiston Respublikasi
local short form: Ozbekiston
former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Capital name: Tashkent (Toshkent)
geographic coordinates: 41 20 N, 69 18 E
time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and green separated by red fimbriations with a white crescent moon and 12 white stars in the upper hoist-side quadrant
CurrencyUzbekistani soum (UZS)
Internet country code.uz
Ports and terminalsTermiz (Amu Darya)
Agriculture productscotton, vegetables, fruits, grain; livestock
Industriestextiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, gold, petroleum, natural gas, chemicals
Geography
LocationCentral Asia, north of Afghanistan
Coordinates41 00 N, 64 00 E
ContinentAsia
Area total: 447,400 sq km
land: 425,400 sq km
water: 22,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 6,221 km
border countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km
Coastline0 km (doubly landlocked); note - Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea with a 420 km shoreline
Climatemostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
Terrainmostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west
Natural resourcesnatural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
Natural hazardsNA
People
Population27,307,134 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 88% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
LanguagesUzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

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