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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
conventional short form: Venezuela
local long form: Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela
local short form: Venezuela
Gevernment typefederal republic
Capital name: Caracas
geographic coordinates: 10 30 N, 66 56 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), blue, and red with the coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band and an arc of eight white five-pointed stars centered in the blue band
Currencybolivar (VEB)
Internet country code.ve
Ports and terminalsAmuay, La Guaira, Maracaibo, Puerto Cabello, Punta Cardon
Agriculture productscorn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish
Industriespetroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly
Geography
LocationNorthern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Coordinates8 00 N, 66 00 W
ContinentSouth America
Area total: 912,050 sq km
land: 882,050 sq km
water: 30,000 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,993 km
border countries: Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km
Coastline2,800 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
TerrainAndes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Natural hazardssubject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts
People
Population25,730,435 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%
LanguagesSpanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

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