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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
conventional short form: Vietnam
local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam
local short form: Viet Nam
abbreviation: SRV
Gevernment typeCommunist state
Capital name: Hanoi
geographic coordinates: 21 02 N, 105 51 E
time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionred with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center
Currencydong (VND)
Internet country code.vn
Ports and terminalsHai Phong, Ho Chi Minh City
Agriculture productspaddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood
Industriesfood processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
Geography
LocationSoutheastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia
Coordinates16 00 N, 106 00 E
ContinentSoutheast Asia
Area total: 329,560 sq km
land: 325,360 sq km
water: 4,200 sq km
Boundaries total: 4,639 km
border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km
Coastline3,444 km (excludes islands)
Climatetropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)
Terrainlow, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
Natural resourcesphosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta
People
Population84,402,966 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsKinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)
ReligionsBuddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
LanguagesVietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

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