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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Namibia
conventional short form: Namibia
local long form: Republic of Namibia
local short form: Namibia
former: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Windhoek
geographic coordinates: 22 34 S, 17 06 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in September; ends first Sunday in April
Flag descriptiona large blue triangle with a yellow sunburst fills the upper left section and an equal green triangle (solid) fills the lower right section; the triangles are separated by a red stripe that is contrasted by two narrow white-edge borders
CurrencyNamibian dollar (NAD); South African rand (ZAR)
Internet country code.na
Ports and terminalsLuderitz, Walvis Bay
Agriculture productsmillet, sorghum, peanuts, grapes; livestock; fish
Industriesmeatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Geography
LocationSouthern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
Coordinates22 00 S, 17 00 E
ContinentAfrica
Area total: 825,418 sq km
land: 825,418 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 3,936 km
border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967 km, Zambia 233 km
Coastline1,572 km
Climatedesert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Terrainmostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
Natural resourcesdiamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish
note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Natural hazardsprolonged periods of drought
People
Population2,044,147
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsblack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups includes Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
ReligionsChristian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
LanguagesEnglish 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages (Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)

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