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Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: United Arab Emirates
conventional short form: none
local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah
local short form: none
former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States
abbreviation: UAE
Gevernment typefederation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates
Capital name: Abu Dhabi
geographic coordinates: 24 28 N, 54 22 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side
CurrencyEmirati dirham (AED)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsAl Fujayrah, Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Mina' Rashid, Mina' Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Sharjan
Agriculture productsdates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
Industriespetroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
LocationMiddle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Coordinates24 00 N, 54 00 E
ContinentMiddle East
Area total: 83,600 sq km
land: 83,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 867 km
border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Coastline1,318 km
Climatedesert; cooler in eastern mountains
Terrainflat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas
Natural hazardsfrequent sand and dust storms
Population2,602,713 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsEmirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
ReligionsMuslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%
LanguagesArabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

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