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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Armenia
conventional short form: Armenia
local long form: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
local short form: Hayastan
former: Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic; Armenian Republic
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Yerevan
geographic coordinates: 40 11 N, 44 30 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, and orange
Currencydram (AMD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productsfruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
Industriesdiamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy
LocationSouthwestern Asia, east of Turkey
Coordinates40 00 N, 45 00 E
Area total: 29,800 sq km
land: 28,400 sq km
water: 1,400 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,254 km
border countries: Azerbaijan-proper 566 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 221 km, Georgia 164 km, Iran 35 km, Turkey 268 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatehighland continental, hot summers, cold winters
TerrainArmenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley
Natural resourcessmall deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina
Natural hazardsoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts
Population2,976,372 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsArmenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
ReligionsArmenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%
LanguagesArmenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)

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