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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Belarus
conventional short form: Belarus
local long form: Respublika Byelarus'
local short form: Byelarus'
former: Belorussian (Byelorussian) Soviet Socialist Republic
Gevernment typerepublic in name, although in fact a dictatorship
Capital name: Minsk
geographic coordinates: 53 54 N, 27 34 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionred horizontal band (top) and green horizontal band one-half the width of the red band; a white vertical stripe on the hoist side bears Belarusian national ornamentation in red
CurrencyBelarusian ruble (BYB/BYR)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsMazyr
Agriculture productsgrain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk
Industriesmetal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators
LocationEastern Europe, east of Poland
Coordinates53 00 N, 28 00 E
Area total: 207,600 sq km
land: 207,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,900 km
border countries: Latvia 141 km, Lithuania 502 km, Poland 407 km, Russia 959 km, Ukraine 891 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatecold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
Terraingenerally flat and contains much marshland
Natural resourcesforests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay
Natural hazardsNA
Population10,293,011 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBelarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish 3.9%, Ukrainian 2.4%, other 1.1% (1999 census)
ReligionsEastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20% (1997 est.)
LanguagesBelarusian, Russian, other

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