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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Bhutan
conventional short form: Bhutan
local long form: Druk Gyalkhap
local short form: Druk Yul
Gevernment typemonarchy; special treaty relationship with India
Capital name: Thimphu
geographic coordinates: 27 28 N, 89 39 E
time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiondivided diagonally from the lower hoist side corner; the upper triangle is yellow and the lower triangle is orange; centered along the dividing line is a large black and white dragon facing away from the hoist side
Currencyngultrum (BTN); Indian rupee (INR)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productsrice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains; dairy products, eggs
Industriescement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
LocationSouthern Asia, between China and India
Coordinates27 30 N, 90 30 E
Area total: 47,000 sq km
land: 47,000 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Boundaries total: 1,075 km
border countries: China 470 km, India 605 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatevaries; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas
Terrainmostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna
Natural resourcestimber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate
Natural hazardsviolent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name, which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season
note: other estimates range as low as 810,000 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
ReligionsLamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%
LanguagesDzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects

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