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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Canada
Gevernment typeconstitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation
Capital name: Ottawa
geographic coordinates: 45 25 N, 75 40 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
note: Canada is divided into six time zones
Flag descriptiontwo vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width), with white square between them; an 11-pointed red maple leaf is centered in the white square; the official colors of Canada are red and white
CurrencyCanadian dollar (CAD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsFraser River Port, Halifax, Montreal, Port Cartier, Quebec, Saint John's (Newfoundland), Sept Isles, Vancouver
Agriculture productswheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish
Industriestransportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
LocationNorthern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
Coordinates60 00 N, 95 00 W
ContinentNorth America
Area total: 9,984,670 sq km
land: 9,093,507 sq km
water: 891,163 sq km
Boundaries total: 8,893 km
border countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
Coastline202,080 km
Climatevaries from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north
Terrainmostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast
Natural resourcesiron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
Natural hazardscontinuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains
Population33,098,932 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%

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