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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
local long form: Federated States of Micronesia
local short form: none
former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation: FSM
Gevernment typeconstitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004
Capital name: Palikir
geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 08 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionlight blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern
CurrencyUS dollar (USD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsTomil Harbor
Agriculture productsblack pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish
Industriestourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
LocationOceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Coordinates6 55 N, 158 15 E
Area total: 702 sq km
land: 702 sq km
water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Boundaries0 km
Coastline6,112 km
Climatetropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Terrainislands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Natural resourcesforests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Natural hazardstyphoons (June to December)
Population108,004 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsnine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
ReligionsRoman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%
LanguagesEnglish (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

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