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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
conventional short form: Kiribati
local long form: Republic of Kiribati
local short form: Kiribati
note: pronounced keer-ree-bahss
former: Gilbert Islands
Gevernment typerepublic
Capital name: Tarawa
geographic coordinates: 1 25 N, 173 00 E
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthe upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBetio
Agriculture productscopra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
Industriesfishing, handicrafts
LocationOceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line
Coordinates1 25 N, 173 00 E
Area total: 811 sq km
land: 811 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Boundaries0 km
Coastline1,143 km
Climatetropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Terrainmostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
Natural resourcesphosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Natural hazardstyphoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level
Population105,432 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMicronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 52%, Protestant (Congregational) 40%, some Seventh-Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, Church of God (1999)
LanguagesI-Kiribati, English (official)

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