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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Malawi
conventional short form: Malawi
local long form: Dziko la Malawi
local short form: Malawi
former: British Central African Protectorate, Nyasaland Protectorate, Nyasaland
Gevernment typemultiparty democracy
Capital name: Lilongwe
geographic coordinates: 13 59 S, 33 44 E
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered in the black band
CurrencyMalawian kwacha (MWK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsChipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba
Agriculture productstobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats
Industriestobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
LocationSouthern Africa, east of Zambia
Coordinates13 30 S, 34 00 E
Area total: 118,480 sq km
land: 94,080 sq km
water: 24,400 sq km
Boundaries total: 2,881 km
border countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatesub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
Terrainnarrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
Natural resourceslimestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Natural hazardsNA
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
ReligionsChristian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3% (1998 census)
LanguagesChichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)

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