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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Macedonia
conventional short form: Macedonia
local long form: Republika Makedonija
local short form: Makedonija
note: the provisional designation used by the UN, EU, and NATO is Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
former: People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Republic of Macedonia
Gevernment typeparliamentary democracy
Capital name: Skopje
geographic coordinates: 41 59 N, 21 26 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptiona yellow sun with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field
CurrencyMacedonian denar (MKD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKheyrabad, Shir Khan
Agriculture productsgrapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs
Industriesfood processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals
LocationSoutheastern Europe, north of Greece
Coordinates41 50 N, 22 00 E
Area total: 25,333 sq km
land: 24,856 sq km
water: 477 sq km
Boundaries total: 766 km
border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 246 km, Serbia 221 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Climatewarm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
Terrainmountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
Natural resourceslow-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land
Natural hazardshigh seismic risks
Population2,050,554 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
ReligionsMacedonian Orthodox 64.7%, other Christian 0.37%, Muslim 33.3%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)
LanguagesMacedonian 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)

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