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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Panama
conventional short form: Panama
local long form: Republica de Panama
local short form: Panama
Gevernment typeconstitutional democracy
Capital name: Panama
geographic coordinates: 8 58 N, 79 32 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiondivided into four, equal rectangles; the top quadrants are white (hoist side) with a blue five-pointed star in the center and plain red; the bottom quadrants are plain blue (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star in the center
Currencybalboa (PAB); US dollar (USD)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBalboa, Colon, Cristobal
Agriculture productsbananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp
Industriesconstruction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
LocationCentral America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica
Coordinates9 00 N, 80 00 W
ContinentCentral America and the Caribbean
Area total: 78,200 sq km
land: 75,990 sq km
water: 2,210 sq km
Boundaries total: 555 km
border countries: Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km
Coastline2,490 km
Climatetropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)
Terraininterior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills
Natural resourcescopper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower
Natural hazardsoccasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area
Population3,191,319 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%
LanguagesSpanish (official), English 14%; note - many Panamanians bilingual

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