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Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
conventional short form: Papua New Guinea
local short form: Papuaniugini
former: Territory of Papua and New Guinea
abbreviation: PNG
Gevernment typeconstitutional parliamentary democracy
Capital name: Port Moresby
geographic coordinates: 9 30 S, 147 10 E
time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Flag descriptiondivided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red with a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black with five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered
Currencykina (PGK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsKimbe, Lae, Rabaul
Agriculture productscoffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla; shell fish, poultry, pork
Industriescopra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
LocationOceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Coordinates6 00 S, 147 00 E
Area total: 462,840 sq km
land: 452,860 sq km
water: 9,980 sq km
Boundaries total: 820 km
border countries: Indonesia 820 km
Coastline5,152 km
Climatetropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Natural resourcesgold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Natural hazardsactive volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Population5,670,544 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
ReligionsRoman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
LanguagesMelanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region
note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)

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