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Flag of Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands

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Basic Facts
Country name conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Svalbard (sometimes referred to as Spitzbergen)
Gevernment typeNA
Capital name: Longyearbyen
geographic coordinates: 78 13 N, 15 33 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Flag descriptionthe flag of Norway is used
CurrencyNorwegian krone (NOK)
Internet country
Ports and terminalsBarentsburg, Longyearbyen, Ny-Alesund, Pyramiden
Agriculture productsopium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins
Industriessmall-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
LocationNorthern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway
Coordinates78 00 N, 20 00 E
ContinentArctic Region
Area total: 61,020 sq km
land: 61,020 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)
Boundaries0 km
Coastline3,587 km
Climatearctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year
Terrainwild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts
Natural resourcescoal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish
Natural hazardsice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic
Population2,701 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic groupsNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
ReligionsSunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
LanguagesNorwegian, Russian

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